Trend of the PSV index
As with all quoted values on the stock exchange, natural gas can also undergo positive or negative fluctuations due to various factors such as:
- increase in the volumes of gas available on the market;
- reduced demand due to greater use of alternative sources;
- geopolitical crises and tensions;
- weather conditions;
- fluctuations in the prices of fuels such as coal and oil.
Natural gas prices are expressed in €/Smc, this choice makes it possible to compare the offers of the Italian hub with other foreign indices. Gas prices are indexed on the basis of the average value of other markets dedicated to the purchase or sale of the raw material in Europe.
Among the reference markets we undoubtedly find the Title Transfer Facility (TTF), the platform based in the Netherlands where the main natural gas exchanges in Europe take place. IIn fact, while the PSV establishes the price of the Italian market, the TTF establishes the reference price of gas in Europe.
PSV trend in the last 6 months
The table below shows the average values of the PSV over the last 6 months:
|Month||Average Monthly Cost (€/Smc)|
The Virtual Exchange Point for ARERA in 2022
Due to the current geopolitical conditions in which we find ourselves, ARERA has also decided to adopt a new measure regarding the gas tariff relating to the protected market which, until now, has always been indexed on the basis of the value of the Dutch platform TTF.
According to the press release issued on 29 July 2022, starting from 01 October 2022 the reference index of the cost of natural gas will be changed, in fact, to better protect consumers, reference will be made to the national PSV value and no longer to the European TTF value. The main goal is to restore a fair balance between supply and demand, without affecting consumers, the final price, in fact, will be updated monthly and no longer every three months as before.
ARERA will publish on its website the value of the gas component at the beginning of each month following the reference month, transparency and communication are essential to face this difficult period.
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