Free Market Gas Supply

Find out more about the liberalisation of the gas market

What is the liberalisation of the gas market? 

Since 1 January 2003, thanks to the free market, all customers have been able to choose the vendor and conditions for their purchase of natural gas. Management of the pipelines in which the gas is delivered is still entrusted to the distribution company, even when the customer decides to change supplier.


How the free gas market operates

Distribution refers to the transport of natural gas through the local medium and low pressure pipeline network. The costs of duplicating local networks are very high, so this part of the supply chain operates as a natural monopoly. The distribution companies carry out their activities under licence for a period of 12 years. As established in Resolution 159/08 (as amended) by the Authority for Electricity, Gas and the Water System (ARERA), the activity of these companies is remunerated through distribution tariffs and is conducted in accordance with the so-called "network code". This code is the set of rules established by ARERA for the proper use of the infrastructure.

The last stage of the chain involves the sale of natural gas to end users, performed by companies operating in free competition. Decree 164/2000 guarantees all sales companies the right to use (on equal terms) of the networks owned by the distributors. See all the Enel Energia gas deals.

Social Bonus for Gas
The social bonus for gas is a billing reduction to assist families in conditions of economic or physical difficulty.

It was introduced in December 2009 and provides savings on annual amounts spent on gas. Consult the FAQ on the Social Bonus for Gas for further information.

End customers insurance
This is insurance coverage against damages caused by gas. You can apply for it if you have a supply contract for an insured redelivery point. Consult the FAQ on the insurance for more information.

Read more information about the free market.